Check or Checkers
Check, checker, or checkers is a pattern of squares, or intersecting lines which form squares. Includes pin check, graph check, tattersall check, gingham check, and windowpane check. Checks are popular in farmhouse, traditional, country, and mid-century decors.
Deriving its name from chess and checker boards, check is also called checker and checkers. (Cheque, if you are British.) It denotes any pattern of alternating lines of that form blocks.
The most popular version of check is gingham which typically brings to mind the red and white checkered tablecloths used for picnics. Two different color threads are alternated on both the weft and weave giving the look of three colors, the light thread, the dark thread, and a mix of the two. Gingham can come in a variety of sizes. Pin check is a tiny version used in men's dress shirts.
Graph check, consists of thin lines in a grid on a solid resembling graph paper. Tattersall is a version of graph check where, instead of being a single color, the lines alternate between two colors.
Windowpane check has lines larger than graph check but not equal in size like gingham. Where as gingham has a grid of equal-sized blocks, windowpane check has larger blocks surrounded by lines that intersect at smaller blocks.
There are many derivations of the check pattern depending upon the weaving pattern used. Check is broad term that can encompass plaids, tartans, and flannels and very specific weaving patterns such as houndstooth.